References

Chapter 1

[Atkinson 2018] Robert Atkinson, “Industry Funding of University Research: Which States Lead,” https://itif.org/publications/2018/01/08/industry-funding-university-research-which-states-lead.

[GIT 2020] Georgia Tech Strategic Plan: The Next 10 Years. https:// strategicplan.gatech.edu/.

[Indiana 2018] (Indiana University Center for Postsecondary Research, 2018) 2018 Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.

[Myers 1969] Myers, S. and Marquis, D.G., Successful Industrial Innovation, National Science Foundation, 1969.

[NAP 2009] The National Academies Press Report, “21st Century Innovation Systems for Japan and the United States: Lesson from a Decade of Change: Report of a Symposium” (2009).

[NCSES 2018] HERD18 Table 13, https://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/herd/2018/.

[NSF 2018] Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources, 2018. https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/randdef/ rd-definitions.pdf.

[Pielke 2007] Pielke, Roger (2007) The Honest Broker: Making Sense of Science in Policy and Politics. Cambridge University Press.

[Pielke 2007a] Pielke, Roger (2007) The Honest Broker: Making Sense of Science in Policy and Politics. Cambridge University Press, 6.

[Rothwell 1994] Rothwell, R. “Towards the Fifth-generation Innovation Process,“ International Marketing Review, Vol 11, No. 1, 1994.

[Sargent 2020] Sargent, John F. Department of Defense Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation (RDT&E): Appropriations Structure, Congressional Research Service, October 2020. https://fas.org/sgp/crs/ natsec/R44711.pdf.

[Schneider 2007] Jennifer S. Schneider, “A Multivariate Study of Graduate Student Satisfaction and Other Outcomes within Cooperative Research Centers” (2007) https://repository.lib.ncsu.edu/bitstream/handle/1840.16/52.

Chapter 2

[Doran 2020] Doran, K., Van Dusen, E. and E. Scott. (2020). “Building the Future 2020: An Update on Progress, Opportunities, and Lessons Learned for Public Interest Technology in the Academy,” https://www.newamerica.org/public-interest-technology/reports/pit-building-future-2020/.

[Flagg 2020] Melissa Flagg, “Global R&D and a New Era of Alliances” (Center for Security and Emerging Technology, June 2020), cset.georgetown.edu/ research/global-rd-and-a-new-era-of-alliances/.

[GAT 2020] GAO, “Limited Use of Knowledge-Based Practices Continues to Undercut DOD’s Investments,” GAO-19-336SP (Washington, D.C.: May 2019).

[GIT 2020] Georgia Institute of Technology. (2020). Responding to Covid-19. https://helpingstories.gatech.edu/.

[Hebel 1998] Hebel, M. (1998) Value Systems—A Way to Greater Understanding. Systemic Practice and Action Research 11, 381–402 (1998).

[Lee 2018] Lee, Kai-Fu (2018). AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley, and the New World Order, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2018.

[Mann 2018] Mann, C.C. (2018). The Wizard and the Prophet: Two Remarkable Scientists and Their Dueling Visions to Shape Tomorrow’s World.

[Modley 2016] Modley, Thomas (2016). Five Megatrends and Their Implications for Global Defense and Security, PwC Report, www.pwc.co.uk/megatrends.

[NASEM 2019] National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2019). Adapting to the 21st Century Innovation Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop—in Brief.

[NRC 2014] National Research Council 2014. Furthering America’s Research Enterprise. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

[Orlowski 2020] Orlowski, Jeff (2020). The Social Dilemma (Documentary, Drama), Tristan Harris, Jeff Seibert, Bailey Richardson, Joe Toscano, Exposure Labs, Argent Pictures, The Space Program, retrieved 2020-10-28.

[PEW 2018] Parker et.al., Pew Research Center, 2018 https://www. pewsocialtrends.org/2018/05/22/what-unites-and-divides-urban-suburban-and-rural-communities/.

[Portman 2019] Portman, R. (2019). Threats to the US Research Enterprise: China’s Talent Recruitment Plans. https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/imo/media/ doc/2019-11-18%20PSI%20Staff%20Report%20-%20China%27s%20Talent%20 Recruitment%20Plans.pdf.

[Sachs 2015] Jeffrey D. Sachs. (2015). The Age of Sustainable Development. New York: Columbia University Press.

[SDG] The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals: sdgs.un.org/goals.

[Schwartz 1992] Schwartz, S.H. (1992). Universals in the content and structure of values: Theoretical advances and empirical tests in 20 countries. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 25(1), 1-65.

[Schwartz 2016] Schwartz, S.H. (2016). Basic Individual Values: Sources and Consequences. In D. S. Ernst Fehr, Handbook of Value: Perspectives from Economics, Neuroscience, Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology (pp. 63-84). New York: Oxford University Press.

[UCA 2020] University of California, Office of the President. (2020). New survey finds 3 in 4 Americans believe universities are key to tackling global challenges. https://www.universityofcalifornia.edu/press-room/new-survey-finds-3-4-americans-believe-universities-are-key-tackling-global-challenges.

[WEF 2016] World Economic Forum (June 2016), “Human Capital Report 2016,” Geneva, http://www3.weforum.org/docs/HCR2016_Main_Report.pdf.

[Wray 2020] Christopher Wray (July 2020), “China’s Attempt to Influence U.S. Institutions: A Conversation with FBI Director Christopher Wray,” Hudson Institute, Washington, D.C., https://s3.amazonaws.com/media. hudson.org/Transcript-%20China%27s%20Attempt%20to%20Influence%20 U.S.%20Institutions-%20A%20Conversation%20with%20FBI%20Director%20 Christopher%20Wray.pdf.

Chapter 3

[Bestsennyy 2020] O. Bestsennyy, G. Gilbert, and J. Rost, “Telehealth: A Quarter-Trillion-Dollar Post-COVID-19 Reality,” McKinsey & Company, New York, 2020.

[Cattell 2013] J. Cattell, S. Chilikuri, and M. Levy, “How Big Data Can Revolutionize Pharmaceutical R&D,” McKinsey & Company, New York, 2013.

[CDC 2020] Center for Disease Control and Prevention. 2020. Adapted from https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/global/index.html.

[CNE 2018] Georgia Institute of Technology, Commission on Creating the Next in Education. Retrieved from https://provost.gatech.edu/commission-creating-next-education-cne.

[DOE 2015] U.S. Department of Energy. 2015. Quadrennial Technology Review: An Assessment of Energy Technologies and Research Opportunities, 2015.

[Hutton 2017] Hutton G., Chase C. Water Supply, Sanitation, and Hygiene. In: Mock C.N., Nugent R., Kobusingye O., Smith K.R., editors. Injury Prevention and Environmental Health. 3rd ed. Washington (DC): The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank; 2017 Oct 27. Chapter 9. PMID: 30212108.

[Lytras 2019] Lytras, M.D. and A. Visvizi. 2019. Big Data and Their Social Impact: Preliminary Study. Sustainability, 11: 5067.

[Mahlein 2016] Mahlein, A.K. 2016. Plant disease detection by imaging sensors—Parallels and specific demands for precision agriculture and plant phenotyping. Plant Disease 100(2): 241-251.

[MIT 2015] Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 2015. The Future Postponed. Adapted from https://www.aau.edu/sites/default/files/AAU%20 Files/Key%20Issues/Innovation%20%26%20Competitiveness/Future- Postponed.pdf.

[Möller 2017] Möller, M., Vuik, C. On the impact of quantum computing technology on future developments in high-performance scientific computing. Ethics and Information Technology. 19: 253.

[NAM 2017] Dzau, V.J., M. McClellan, J.M. McGinnis, and E.M. Finkelman, editors. 2017. Vital directions for health and health care: An initiative of the National Academy of Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academy of Medicine.

[NAM 2018] Whicher, D., Rosengren, K., Siddiqi, S., & Simpson, L. 2018. The Future of Health Services Research: Advancing Health Systems Research and Practice in the United States. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Medicine.

[NASA 2020] National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved from https://www.nasa.gov/topics/aeronautics/index.html.

[NASEM 2016] National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Genetically Engineered Crops: Experiences and Prospects. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.

[NASEM 2017] National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

[NASEM 2018] National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Science Breakthroughs to Advance Food and Agricultural Research by 2030. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.

[NASEM 2019] National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.

[Passian 2019] Passian, A., and Imam, N. 2019. Nanosystems, Edge Computing, and the Next Generation Computing Systems. Sensors (Basel, Switzerland), 19(18): 4048.

[Polzin 2016] Polzin, S.E. 2016. Implication to Public Transportation of Emerging Technologies. National Center for Transit Research. Retrieved from https://www.nctr.usf.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/Implications-for- Public-Transit-of-Emerging-Technologies-11-1-16.pdf.

[Polzin 2018] Polzin, S.E. 2018. Just Around the Corner: The Future of U.S. Public Transportation. Journal of Public Transportation, 21:43.

[Rockefeller 2020] Rockefeller Foundation. Retrieved from https://www. rockefellerfoundation.org/initiative/data-org/.

[Schumann 2010] Schumann, A.W. 2010. Precise placement and variable rate fertilizer application technologies for horticultural crops. HortTechnology 20(1): 34-40.

[Sharma 2017] Sharma, C., R. Dhiman, N. Rokana, and H. Panwar. 2017. Nanotechnology: An untapped resource for food packaging. Frontiers in Microbiology 12(8): 1735.

[Valero 2019] Valero, A. and Van Reenen, J. 2019. The economic impact of universities: Evidence from across the globe. Economics of Education Review 68: 53.

[Wowk 2017] Wowk, K., McKinney, L., Muller-Karger, F., Moll, R., Avery, S., Escobar-Briones, E., Yoskowitz, D., and McLaughlin, R. 2017. Evolving academic culture to meet societal needs. Palgrave Communications 3: 35.

Chapter 4

[AASCU 2018] American Association of State Colleges and Universities (2018). Making Partnerships Work: Principles, Guidelines, and Advice for Public University Leaders. Retrieved from https://www.aascu.org/policy/ publications/Partnerships.pdf.

[Ankrah 2015] Ankrah, S., and Omar, A.T. (2015). Universities–industry collaboration: A systematic review. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 31(3), 387-408. Atkinson, R.D., and Foote, C. (2019). U.S. funding for university research continues to slide. Information Technology and Innovation Foundation.

[Belz 2016] Belz, A.P. (2016). Trends in industry-university relationships. National Academy of Engineering. Washington, D.C. Retrieved from https:// www.nae.edu/File.aspx?id=169641.

[C3 2020] C3.ai Digital Transformation Institute (2020). Retrieved from https:// c3dti.ai.

[Donahue 2018] Donahue, R., Parilla, J., and McDearman, B. (2018). Rethinking cluster initiatives. Brookings Institute. Retrieved from https://www.brookings. edu/research/rethinking-cluster-initiatives/.

[Feinberg 2015] Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University School of Medicine (2015). Center for Community Health Principles of Engagement, Date of last review 08-05-2015. Retrieved from https://www.feinberg. northwestern.edu/sites/cch/docs/principlesofengagement.pdf.

[Frolund 2017] (Frolund, L., Murray, F.,and Riedel, M. (2017). Developing Successful Strategic Partnerships With Universities. MIT Sloan Management Review 12-6-2017.

[Giones 2019] Giones, F. (2019). University–industry collaborations: an industry perspective. Management Decision.

[Hacker 2013] Hacker, K. (2013). Community-based participatory research. Sage publications.

[HERD 2018] National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Higher Education Research and Development Survey, Fiscal Year 2018. Retrieved from https://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/herd/2018/.

[Hillerbrand 2019] Hillerbrand, R., and Werker, C. (2019). Values in University– Industry Collaborations: The Case of Academics Working at Universities of Technology. Science and Engineering Ethics, 25(6), 1633-1656.

[Lombardi 2017] Lombardi, J.V., Abbey, C.W., and Craig, D.D. (2017). America’s top research universities. Is the enterprise model sustainable? In The top American research universities, 2017 annual report. Eds., Lombardi, J.V., Abbey, C.W., and Craig, D.D. The Center for Measuring University Performance at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and the University of Florida. Retrieved from https://mup.umass.edu/sites/default/files/mup-2017-top-american-research-universities-annual-report.pdf.

[Makewa 2020] Makewa, L.N. (2020). Factors in Collaborations Between Technology Firms and Universities. In IT Issues in Higher Education: Emerging Research and Opportunities (pp. 17-35). IGI Global.

[McConnell 2019] McConnell, D.P., and Cross, S.E. (2019). Realizing the Value of Industry-University Innovation Alliances. Research-Technology Management, 62(2), 40-48.

[Merriam-Webster 2020] Merriam-Webster.com (2020). Value. In Merriam- Webster.com, Retrieved 1 October 2020 from https://www.merriam-webster. com/dictionary/value.

[NSB 2020] Science and Engineering Indicators 2020: The State of U.S. Science and Engineering. NSB-2020-1. Alexandria, VA. Available at https://ncses. nsf.gov/pubs/nsb20201/. Data retrieved from https://ncses.nsf.gov/pubs/ nsb20201/u-s-r-d-performance-and-funding.

[PCAST 2020] The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (2020). Recommendations for Strengthening American Leadership in Industries of the Future. A Report to the President of the United States of America. June 2020. Retrieved from https://science. osti.gov/-/media/_/pdf/about/pcast/202006/PCAST_June_2020_Report. pdf?la=en&hash=019A4F17C79FDEE5005C51D3D6CAC81FB31E3ABC.

[Perkmann 2013] Perkmann, M., Tartari, V., McKelvey, M., Autio, E., Broström, A., D’Este, P., ... and Krabel, S. (2013). Academic engagement and commercialisation: A review of the literature on university–industry relations. Research Policy, 42(2), 423-442.

[Perri 2018] Perri, S., Satterfield, M.B., and Burton, L. (2018). Lifelong Learning: New Model Frameworks for University and Industrial Partnerships. Chemical Engineering Education, 52(1), 38-43.

[Pew 2019] Pew Charitable Trusts (2019). Two decades of change in federal and state higher education funding. Retrieved from https://www.pewtrusts. org/en/research-and-analysis/issue-briefs/2019/10/two-decades-of-change-in-federal-and-state-higher-education-funding.

[Randolph 1994] Randolph, M.A., and Kelley, W.N. (Eds.). (1994). Careers in clinical research: obstacles and opportunities. Chapter 5, Academic-Industry Relationships. National Academies Press.

[Rouse 2018] Rouse, W.B., Lombardi, J.V., and Craig, D.D. (2018). Modeling research universities: Predicting probable futures of public vs. private and large vs. small research universities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(50), 12582-12589.

[Rybnicek 2019] Rybnicek, R., and Königsgruber, R. (2019). What makes industry–university collaboration succeed? A systematic review of the literature. Journal of Business Economics, 89(2), 221-250.

[Sargent 2020] Sargent, J.F. (2020). U.S. Research and Development Funding and Performance: Fact Sheet (24 January 2020). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved from https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44307.pdf.

[Schneiderman 2018] Schneiderman, B. (2018). Twin-Win Model: A human-centered approach to research success. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(50), 12590-12594.

[Tendulkar 2011] Tendulkar, Shalini A. et al. “A funding initiative for community-based participatory research: lessons from the Harvard Catalyst Seed Grants.” Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action vol. 5,1 (2011): 35-44. doi:10.1353/cpr.2011.0005.

[Whitehead 2020] Whitehead, L.A., Slovic, S.H., and Nelson, J.E. (2020). Re-invigorating HIBAR research for the 21st century: Enhancing fundamental research excellence in service to society. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action, 21(2), 153-167.

Chapter 5

[America Makes 2020] America Makes. (2020). Manufacturing USA. https:// www.americamakes.us/about/mfg-usa/.

[Arai 2007] Arai, K.I., Cech, T., Chameau, J.L., Horn, P., Mattaj, I., Potocnik, J., and Wiley, J. (2007). The future of research universities. Is the model of research-intensive universities still valid at the beginning of the twenty-first century? EMBO reports, 8(9), 804-810.

[Atkinson 2018] Atkinson, Robert D. Industry Funding of University Research: Which States Lead? (2018). Information Technology and Innovation Foundation Reports. itif.org.

[ASU 2020] Arizona State University. (2020). ASU ADVANCE, Equity and Justice are Everyone’s Responsibility. https://advance.asu.edu.

[BDHub 2020] Big Data Hub. (2020). The South Big Data Innovation Hub. https://southbigdatahub.org/about-this-blog/.

[BTAA 2018] Big Ten Academic Alliance. (2018). The Power of Big: Annual Report 2017-2018. https://www.btaa.org/docs/default-source/reports/ annual-report-2017-2018.pdf?sfvrsn=96c349f3_4.

[COACHE 2014] Collaborative on Academic Careers in Higher Education. (2014). Benchmark Best Practices: Interdisciplinary Work and Collaboration. Harvard Graduate School of Education. https://coache.gse.harvard.edu/files/ gse-coache/files/coache-interdisciplinary.pdf.

[COGR 1999] Council on Governmental Relations. (1999). The Bayh-Dole Act: A guide to the law and implementing regulations.

[CU 2020] Cornell University, Cornell Research. Gateway to Partnership Program. https://researchservices.cornell.edu/process/gateway-partnership-program.

[DBB 2016] Defense Business Board. (2016). Future Models for Federally Funded Research and Development Center Contracts: Recommendations on managing federally funded research and development center contracts. Office of the Secretary of Defense, DBB FY17-02. October 2016. https://dbb.defense. gov/Portals/35/Documents/Reports/2017/DBB%20FY17-02%20FFRDCs%20 Completed%20Study%20(October%202016).pdf.

[Devaney 2020] Devaney, E. (2020). 9 Types of Organizational Structure Every Company Should Consider. HubSpot. https://blog.hubspot.com/marketing/ team-structure-diagrams.

[Dubrow 2008] Dubrow, G.L., Tranby, E., and Voight, C. (2009). Fostering interdisciplinary inquiry: proceedings from a conference, November 14-16, 2008.

[Duke 2020] Duke University School of Medicine. (2020). Leadership Development for Researchers. https://medschool.duke.edu/about-us/faculty-resources/faculty-development/our-programs/leadership-development-researchers.

[Dyrda 2020] Dyrda, L. (2020). Google donates $8.5M to 31 organizations for Covid-19 AI, data analytics efforts. https://www.beckershospitalreview. com/healthcare-information-technology/google-donates-8-5m-to-31- organizations-for-covid-19-ai-data-analytics-efforts.html.

[EAB 2009] The Advisory Board Company. (2009). Competing in the Era of Big Bets: Achieving Scale in Multidisciplinary Research. University Leadership Council: National Best Practice Report.

[Eyrich 2020] Eyrich, T. (2020). How cluster hiring at U.S. research universities has fared. https://news.ucr.edu/articles/2020/01/17/how-cluster-hiring-us-research-universities-has-fared.

[Gallo 2020] Gallo, M.E. (2020). Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDCs): Background and Issues for Congress. Congressional Research Service. https://crsreports.congress.gov/product/ details?prodcode=R44629.

[GAO 2018] GAO, “Actions Needed to Enhance Use of Laboratory Initiated Research Authority,” Report GAO-19-64, Dec. 2018. https://www.gao.gov/ assets/700/696192.pdf.

[GT 2015] Georgia Institute of Technology. (2015). Interdisciplinary Research Institute (IRI) Working Group. Update from the EVPR Office at the Dean’s Meeting April 1, 2015.

[GT 2020] Georgia Institute of Technology 2020. 5.4.6 Administrative policies. http://policylibrary. gatech.edu/faculty-handbook/5.4.6-administrative-procedures.

[GT 2020b] Contract Continuum for Sponsored Research. https://industry. gatech.edu/industry-contracting/contract-continuum-sponsored-research.

[JHU 2020] John Hopkins University, Research. (2020). Bloomberg Distinguished Professorships. https://research.jhu.edu/bloomberg-distinguished-professorships/.

[Kaplan 1959] Kaplan, N. (1959). The Role of a Research Administrator. Administrative Science Quarterly, 20-42.

[LERU 2020] Lerouge, Inge and Hol, Antoine. 2020. Toward a Research Integrity Culture at Universities: From Recommendations to Implementation. Leru Publications, www.leru.org.

[MCURC 2020] https://www.moccollaborative.org/overview.

[MIT 2020] Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (2020). Guide to the Ownership, Distribution, and Commercial Development of MIT Technology. http://web.mit.edu/tlo/documents/MIT-TLO-ownership-guide.pdf.

[MSU 2015] Michigan State University, Faculty Policies and Procedures. (2015). Joint Appointments: Suggestions for Successful Implementation. https://hr.msu.edu/policies-procedures/faculty-academic-staff/fas-policies-procedures/JointAppts.html.

[Nag 2020] Nag, D., Gupta, A. and A. Turo (2020). The Evolution of University Technology Transfer: By the Numbers. IP Watchdog. https://www. ipwatchdog.com/2020/04/07/evolution-university-technology-transfer/ id=120451/.

[NAP 2005] Institute of Medicine. (2005). Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.

[NASEM 2020] National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2020). Promising Practices for Addressing the Underrepresentation of Women in Science, Engineering, and Medicine: Opening Doors. National Academies Press.

[NIH 2020] National Institutes of Health. (2020). National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS). https://ncats.nih.gov/about.

[NRC 2002] National Research Council. (2002). Integrity in scientific research: Creating an environment that promotes responsible conduct. National Academies Press.

[NRC 2011] National Research Council. (2011). Managing university intellectual property in the public interest. National Academies Press.

[NRC 2013] National Research Council 2013. 21st Century Manufacturing: The Role of the Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.

[NSF 2019] National Science Foundation. (2019). Higher Education Research and Development Survey (HERD), Fiscal Year 2018. https://www.nsf.gov/ statistics/srvyherd/#tabs-2.

[NSF Website] https://nsf.gov/eng/eec/erc.jsp.

[Papermaster 2008] Papermaster, S.G., and Proenza, L.M. (2008). University- Private Sector Research Partnerships in the Innovation Ecosystem. Executive Office of the President, President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology.

[PCAST 2012] President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.). (2012). Transformation and opportunity: The future of the U.S. research enterprise. Executive Office of the President, President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology.

[PCAST 2020] President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. (2020). Recommendations for Strengthening American Leadership in Industries of the Future. A Report for the President of the United States. June.

[PU 2020] Princeton University. (2020). The Society of Fellows. https:// sf.princeton.edu.

[Ross 2019] Ross, R., Reeves, J., Scarpinato, K., and Pelham, M. (2019). Success Factors for University Research Development Offices and Activities. Journal of Research Administration, 50(3), 107-124.

[SNL 2020] Sandia National Laboratories. (2020). Sandia Academic Alliance Program. https://www.sandia.gov/working_with_sandia/technology_ partnerships/universities/academicalliance.html.

[Stanford 2020] Stanford Medicine, Office of Faculty Development and Diversity. (2020). Stanford Leadership Development Program. https://med. stanford.edu/facultydiversity/faculty-development/leadership-programs/ stanford-leadership-develop-program.html.

[Stanford 2020b] Stanford University. (2020). Bio-X Seed Grants. https://biox. stanford.edu/research/seed-grants.

[Stanford 2020c] Stanford University, Office of the Vice Provost for Graduate Education. (2020). SIGF: Stanford Interdisciplinary Graduate Fellowship. https://vpge.stanford.edu/fellowships-funding/sigf.

[Tufts 2020a] Tufts University Office of the Provost. (2020). Academic Development Leadership Program. https://provost.tufts.edu/celt/initiatives/ academic-leadership-development-program-ald/.

[Tufts 2020b] Tufts University School of Medicine. (2020). Faculty Development. https://medicine.tufts.edu/faculty-staff/faculty-development.

[UCB 2020] University of California Berkeley. (2020) UC Berkeley and Berkeley Lab https://vcresearch.berkeley.edu/excellence/uc-berkeley-and-berkeley-lab.

[UCA 2019] University of California, Office of the President. (2019). Ethics, Compliance, and Audit Services. https://www.ucop.edu/ethics-compliance-audit-services/compliance/research-compliance/foreign-influence.html#intro.

[UCSD 2020] University of California San Diego. (2020). Chancellor’s Interdisciplinary Collaboratories. https://grad.ucsd.edu/financial/fellowships/ funding-opportunties/chancellors-interdisciplinary-collaboratories.html.

[UCSM 2020]. University of Colorado School of Mines. (2020). https:// energysystems.mines.edu/program/.

[UD 2011] University of Denver. (2011). Strategic Priorities for Promoting Interdisciplinary Programming at DU. https://portfolio.du.edu/IDC.

[UIDP 2020] Proceedings of a Workshop: New Centralized U-I Models. UIDPConnect 2020. Uidp.org.

[UIDP 2020b] Proceedings of a Working Group: New Contracting Models for University-Industry Collaboration – 2021 Edition.

[UIDP 2020c] Contract Accord 2020. https://uidp.org/publication/contract-accords-2020/.

[Ulm 2014] Ulm, Franz-Joseph, “Are We Moving Toward a Two-Class Research- Education Society at MIT?” http://web.mit.edu/fnl/volume/272/ulm.html.

[UMBC 2020] University of Maryland, Baltimore County. (2020). Center for Interdisciplinary Research and Consulting (CIRC). https://circ.umbc.edu.

[UMI 2020] University of Michigan. (2020). University of Michigan — Faculty Professional Development, Programs for Faculty Administrators. https://www. provost.umich.edu/programs/faculty_development.html.

[UMI 2020b] University of Michigan, Research. (2020). Mcubed. https:// research.umich.edu/mcubed.

[UMI 2020c] University of Michigan. (2020). Society of Fellows. http:// societyoffellows.umich.edu.

[UMN 2020] University of Minnesota. Sponsoring Research: Minnesota Innovation Partnerships (MN-IP). https://research.umn.edu/units/techcomm/ sponsoring-research-mn-ip.

[UNC 2012] University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. (2012). UNC Begins Water Theme on World Water Day. https://global.unc.edu/news-story/unc-begins-water-theme-on-world-water-day/.

[UT-Battelle 2020] UT-Battelle. (2020). University Partners. https://ut-battelle. org/university-partners/.

[UWM 2020] University of Wisconsin-Madison, Office of the Provost. (2020). Cluster Hiring Initiative. https://facstaff.provost.wisc.edu/cluster-hiring-initiative/.

[VT 2020] Virginia Tech. (2020). Leadership Development. https://faculty. vt.edu/leadership-development.html.

[VT 2020b] Virginia Tech. (2020). Link + License + Launch. https://vt.edu/link/ index.html.

[Walshok 2014] Walshok, M.L., and Shapiro, J.D. (2014). Beyond Tech Transfer: A More Comprehensive Approach to Measuring the Entrepreneurial University. In Academic Entrepreneurship: Creating An Entrepreneurial Ecosystem. Emerald Group Publishing Limited.